Seng

30
Zn
Golongan
12
Periode
4
Blok
d
Proton
Elektron
Neutron
30
30
35
Sifat Umum
Nomor atom
30
Massa atom
65,38
Nomor massa
65
Kategori
Logam transisi
Warna
Biru Keabu-abuan
Radioaktif
Tidak
From the German word Zink, of obscure origin
Struktur kristal
Segienam Sederhana
Sejarah
Metallic zinc was produced in the 13th century A.D. India by reducing calamine with organic substances such as wool.

The metal was rediscovered in Europe by Andreas Sigismund Marggraf in 1746.

He heated a mixture of calamine ore and carbon in a closed vessel without copper to produce the metal.
Elektron per kulit
2, 8, 18, 2
Konfigurasi elektron
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
Zn
Zinc is referred to in nonscientific contexts as spelter
Sifat Fisika
Fase
Solid
Kepadatan
7,134 g/cm3
Titik lebur
692,68 K | 419,53 °C | 787,15 °F
Titik didih
1180,15 K | 907 °C | 1664,6 °F
Kalor peleburan
7,35 kJ/mol
Kalor penguapan
119 kJ/mol
Kapasitas kalor molar
0,388 J/g·K
Kelimpahan di kerak bumi
0,0078%
Kelimpahan di alam semesta
0,00003%
A
Kredit Gambar: Images-of-elements
A sheet of zinc
Nomor CAS
7440-66-6
PubChem CID Number
23994
Sifat Atom
Jari-jari atom
134 pm
Jari-jari kovalen
122 pm
Elektronegativitas
1,65 (Skala Pauling)
Potensi Ionisasi
9,3942 eV
Volume atom
9,2 cm3/mol
Kondusivitas termal
1,16 W/cm·K
Bilangan oksidasi
1, 2
Aplikasi
Because of its corrosion resistance, zinc is often plated to other metals in a process called galvanization.

Zinc is an essential trace element for animals and plants.

Large quantities of zinc are used to produce die castings, which are used extensively by the automotive, electrical, and hardware industries.
Zinc is not considered to be particularly toxic
Isotop
Isotop stabil
64Zn, 66Zn, 67Zn, 68Zn, 70Zn
Isotop tidak stabil
54Zn, 55Zn, 56Zn, 57Zn, 58Zn, 59Zn, 60Zn, 61Zn, 62Zn, 63Zn, 65Zn, 69Zn, 71Zn, 72Zn, 73Zn, 74Zn, 75Zn, 76Zn, 77Zn, 78Zn, 79Zn, 80Zn, 81Zn, 82Zn, 83Zn